Step 1 Perform Isha Prayer
You must perform Isha prayer before performing Tahajjud as isha is one of the obligatory prayers while Tahajjud is a recommended (voluntary) prayer. So, It is necessary to perform the isha prayer (obligatory prayer) first and then perform the Tahajjud prayer (recommended prayer).
Step 2 Wake up for Praying Tahajjud prayer
Waking up for Tahajjud prayer is a voluntary act of worship in Islam that is performed during the night hours, after waking up from sleep. The exact time for performing Tahajjud is after midnight and before the time of the Fajr (dawn) prayer.
To wake up for Tahajjud, it is recommended to set an alarm or use a reminder, as well as to make a sincere intention to perform the prayer and seek closeness to Allah. It can also be helpful to establish a routine of going to bed early and avoiding activities that can keep one awake at night.
Waking up for Tahajjud can be a challenging practice, but it is highly rewarding in the eyes of Allah, as it demonstrates a strong commitment to worship and a desire for closeness to Him.
Step 3 Perform Wudu (Ablution) before prayer
Yes, it is necessary to perform Wudu before performing Tahajjud prayer, as well as before performing any other prayer in Islam. Wudu is a ritual washing that is considered to purify the body and prepare it for worship.
Here are the steps to perform Wudu before Tahajjud prayer:
- Make the intention: Make the intention in your heart to perform Wudu for the purpose of worshiping Allah.
- Wash your hands: Wash your hands three times.
- Rinse your mouth: Rinse your mouth three times, making sure to gargle.
- Clean your nose: Clean your nose three times by sniffing water into it and then blowing it out.
- Wash your face: Wash your face three times, making sure to cover your entire face, including your forehead, cheeks, and chin.
- Wash your arms: Wash your arms three times, starting from the fingers and working your way up to the elbow.
- Wipe your head: Wet your hands and wipe your head once.
- Wash your feet: Wash your feet three times, making sure to wash the ankles.
It is important to follow the steps in sequence and to perform Wudu with attention and devotion, as it is considered to be a means of purifying the body and preparing for prayer.
Step 4 Starting with Niyyah
The intention of Tahajjud prayer is a statement made in one's heart and mind, indicating one's intention to perform the prayer for the purpose of seeking closeness to Allah and earning His blessings. The exact words used to make the intention are not specified in Islamic teachings, but it is recommended to make a clear and sincere intention before performing any act of worship.
To make the intention for Tahajjud prayer, one can simply say something like "I intend to perform the Tahajjud prayer to seek closeness to Allah and earn His blessings facing kabah." It is important to make the intention with a sincere heart and to focus one's mind and thoughts on the act of worship being performed.
In addition to making the intention, it is also important to follow the prescribed steps for performing Tahajjud, including waking up from sleep, performing Wudu (ablution), and performing the prayer according to the proper etiquette and guidelines set forth in Islamic teachings.
Step 5 Recite Takbir
Takbir-e-oula is a door to enter any prayer. Takbir is mandatory to start praying tahajjud. Recite Takbir "Allah-u-Akbar"(ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ) by taking both your hands up to your ears, and women take their hands up to their shoulders. You can recite Takbir loudly or slowly.
Step 6 Make Qayam
Standing in Qayam is the second obligatory step of any prayer. After takbir-e-oula, stand still while looking at the spot of sajdah facing the qibla with both your hands tied to your lower abdomen and women tie their hands on their chest. Tie your hands so that you hold your wrist with your thumb and little finger, and place the other three fingers on the wrist as in the image.Then recite Sana, Surah Fateha and then Surah Ikhlas. You can replace Surah Ikhlas with any other Surah for a longer Qiyyam.
Step 7 Bend in Ruku
Say "Allah hu Akbar" (ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ) and bow down, such as your body straight facing the ground and putting your both hands on your knees. While bowing down, recite "Subhana-Rabbi Al Azeem" (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ العظيم) for a minimum of three times. For a longer Ruku, you can recite the Tasbeeh seven times or increase it in odd numbers.
Step 8 stand in Qooma
Then recite "Sami Allah Hu Liman Hamidah" ( سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ) while rising from the Ruku and "Rabana Lakal Hamd" (رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ) when you stand straight.
Step 9 Perform First Sajdah (Prostration)
Saying "Allah hu Akbar"(ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ), bend down to perform Sajdah by placing both your hands, forehead, and nose on the ground. Then recite "Subhana Rabbi Al Alla" سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى a minimum of three times. You can recite this Tasbeeh (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) in odd numbers for a longer prostration.
Step 10 sit in Jalsa
Then rise your head, hands, and nose up from Sajdah, saying "Allah hu Akbar" (ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ). Sitting up straight for some seconds between two sujoods is known as Jalsa.
Step 11 Perform Second Sajdah (Prostration)
Again bend down in Sajdah, saying "Allah hu Akbar" (ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ) and reciting "Subhana Rabbi Al Alla"(سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) three times or in odd numbers for a longer Sujood.
Step 12 Stand up in qiyyam and repeat
Stand up saying, "Allah Hu Akbar" ٱللَّٰهُ أَكْبَرُ. The first Rakat is completed here. Now start the second Rakat. After standing, repeat the Qayam, Ruku, Qooma, the First sujood, Jalsa, and second Sajdah as you had already performed in the first Rakat.
Step 13 Sit in Quood (Atahiyyat)
In the second Rakat after the second sajdah, sit with your palms on your front thighs and recite "Atahiyyat." You can also recite other recommended Dua's in this position. Then recite the "Durood" and last recite a powerful dua from The Quran, "Rabana Atina Fid Dunya Hasanataw-wa-Fil Akhirati Hasanataw-wa-Qina Azaban Nar."
Step 14 Finish your Prayer (Tasleem)
Once you performed Quood finish your prayer by turning your head to your right side reciting "Assalamualaikum Wa Rehmatullah" السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم ورَحْمَةُ اللهِ, then to your left side reciting the same "Assalamualaikum Wa Rehmatullah" السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم ورَحْمَةُ اللهِ.